What Happened and Why: Responding to Racism, Discrimination, and Microaggressions in the Clinical Learning Environment

Date of Review: July, 2023

This curriculum published by MedEd Portal is focused on allowing medical students to gain skills in addressing acts of racism or discrimination during their clerkship rotations. The entire curriculum and development of the workshop was very well designed, and the authors describe their methodology in detail. This course includes a 110-minute review session that focuses on enabling students to apply communication strategies to address minor defamation issues. Facilitators provide a detailed introduction to each response strategy, complete with specific examples and scenarios in which each strategy can be applied, there are four case studies in total, and in the first one, students will engage in role-playing. In addition to these communication strategies, students will learn how to solve minor defamation problems along a continuum. The teaching resources are excellent and all needed materials are included to plan such a session including timeline leading up to the session. This would be a good workshop to include in the pre-clinical setting. –Anna Marie Pacheco Young, MD, NCEAS [Edited by Dr. Ashti Doobay-Persaud]

Corresponding Author’s Email:



University of Colorado School of Medicine

Where was the Curriculum Implemented:

Aurora, Colorado

Outcomes that Have Been Reported for the Curriculum:

Learner Satisfaction or reaction

Self-reported learner attitude

Self-reported learner knowledge

Outcome and Study Design:


Level of Learner Assessment

Appreciation of content/attitude assessment (self-reflection, blogging with rubric)

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