Intimate Partner Violence Research Round Up
In this issue of the NCEAS Research and Resources Roundup, we delve into Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), a serious, growing, and preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans, which is a particularly relevant issue during the COVID-19 Pandemic. A recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO) states that on in three women worldwide experience violence in their lifetime. The report’s findings are based on data from the largest ever WHO study on the prevalence of violence against women, based on data collected from 2000 to 2018 and therefore does not reflect the toll of the pandemic on women. The United Nations has previously said domestic abuse during Covid-19 lockdowns is a “shadow pandemic.” The term “intimate partner violence” describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. This type of violence can occur among both heterosexual and same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy. Additionally, other household members might enact violence against adults in the household outside of an intimate relationship. In other sources, the term domestic violence might be preferred for such situations. The harmful impacts of IPV resonate across communities, locally and globally. A growing body of evidence highlights the health effects of IPV, including fatal and non-fatal injuries. Hence, the consequences of IPV can span a lifetime and include individual and societal level costs, highlighting the importance of identifying and addressing IPV as a key public health and primary care priority. A United Nations Women 2020 brief provides some concrete information and recommendations for the health sector/system regarding COVID-19 and violence against women.
-Memoona Hasnain, MD, MHPE, PhD, Editor
Below you will find the list of journal publications. Click here to view each resource in detail.
- Gosangi B, Park H, Thomas R, Gujrathi R, Bay C, Raja A, Seltzer S, Chadwick Balcom M, McDonald M, Orgill D, Harris M, Boland G, Rexrode K, Khurana B. Exacerbation of Physical Intimate Partner Violence during COVID-19 Pandemic. Radiology 2021; 298:E38–E45
- Humphreys K, Thwin Myint M, Zeanah C. Increased Risk for Family Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Pediatrics. 2020;146(1):e20200982
- Ragavan MI, Garcia R, Berger RP, et al. Supporting Intimate Partner Violence Survivors and Their Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Pediatrics. 2020;146(3): e20201276
- Koenig KL, Benjamin SB, Beÿ CK, Dickinson S, Shores M. Emergency Department Management of the Sexual Assault Victim in the COVID Era: A Model SAFET-I Guideline From San Diego County. J Emerg Med. 2020;59(6):964-974.
- Buttell, F., Cannon, C. E. B., Rose, K., & Ferreira, R. J. (2021). COVID-19 and intimate partner violence: Prevalence of resilience and perceived stress during a pandemic. Traumatology. Advance online publication.
- Jarnecke, A. M., & Flanagan, J. C. (2020). Staying safe during COVID-19: How a pandemic can escalate risk for intimate partner violence and what can be done to provide individuals with resources and support. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), S202-S204.
- Evans M, Lindauer M, Farrell M. A Pandemic within a Pandemic — Intimate Partner Violence during Covid-19. N Engl J Med 2020; 383:2302-2304 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2024046
- Sabri B, Hartley M, Saha J, Murray S, Glass N, Campbell JC. Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on women’s health and safety: A study of immigrant survivors of intimate partner violence. Health Care Women Int. 2020 Nov-Dec;41(11-12):1294-1312. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2020.1833012. Epub 2020 Oct 21. PMID: 33085577; PMCID: PMC7902436.
- Johnson K, Green L, Volpellier M, Kidenda S, McHale T, Naimer K, Mishori R. The impact of COVID‐19 on services for people affected by sexual and gender‐based violence. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2020 Sep;150(3):285-7.
- Moreira DN, da Costa MP. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in the precipitation of intimate partner violence. International journal of law and psychiatry. 2020 Jul 1;71:101606.
- Jack SM, Munro‐Kramer ML, Williams JR, Schminkey D, Tomlinson E, Jennings Mayo‐Wilson L, Bradbury‐Jones C, Campbell JC. Recognising and responding to intimate partner violence using telehealth: Practical guidance for nurses and midwives. Journal of clinical nursing. 2020 Nov 3.
- Nnawulezi N, Hacskaylo M. Identifying and Responding to the Complex Needs of Domestic Violence Housing Practitioners at the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic [published online ahead of print, 2021 Jan 5]. J Fam Violence. 2021;1-11. doi:10.1007/s10896-020-00231-8
- Wood, L., Baumler, E., Schrag, R.V. et al. “Don’t Know where to Go for Help”: Safety and Economic Needs among Violence Survivors during the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Fam Viol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00240-7
- Rossi FS, Shankar M, Buckholdt K, Bailey Y, Israni ST, Iverson KM. Trying Times and Trying Out Solutions: Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Support for Women Veterans During COVID-19. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Sep;35(9):2728-2731. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05990-0. Epub 2020 Jun 30. PMID: 32607932; PMCID: PMC7325833.
- Kaukinen C. When Stay-at-Home Orders Leave Victims Unsafe at Home: Exploring the Risk and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 6]. Am J Crim Justice. 2020;1-12. doi:10.1007/s12103-020-09533-5
- Boserup B, McKenney M, Elkbuli A. Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. Am J Emerg Med. 2020;38(12):2753-2755. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2020.04.077
- Hudson LC, Lowenstein EJ, Hoenig LJ. Domestic violence in the coronavirus disease 2019 era: Insights from a survivor. Clin Dermatol. 2020 Nov-Dec;38(6):737-743. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2020.07.003. Epub 2020 Jul 31. PMID: 33341207.
- van Gelder N, Peterman A, Potts A, O’Donnell M, Thompson K, Shah N, Oertelt-Prigione S; Gender and COVID-19 working group. COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Apr 11;21:100348. doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100348. PMID: 32292900; PMCID: PMC7151425.
- Gulati G, Kelly BD. Domestic violence against women and the COVID-19 pandemic: What is the role of psychiatry?. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2020;71:101594. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101594
- WHO (2019). Caring for women subjected to violence: A WHO curriculum for training health-care providers. Retrieved From: ISBN: 978-92-4-151710-2